Spotlight on gold panning. Important information you need to know.

Gold panning can be an enjoyable and potentially rewarding hobby, but the success of your prospecting largely depends on choosing the right location and having the appropriate equipment.

gold panning

Here are some popular places for gold panning, essential equipment you should take as a prospector and the panning processes needed for success in finding gold.


Gold Rush Historic Sites: Many areas in the United States that experienced gold rushes in the 19th century still have gold today.

Some famous locations include:

California (e.g., the American River, the Merced River)

Colorado (e.g., Clear Creek)

Alaska (e.g., the Klondike region)

Western Streams and Rivers: Gold can be found in various rivers and streams across the western United States, such as in Montana, Idaho, Nevada, and Oregon.

North Georgia: North Georgia, particularly around Dahlonega, is known for its gold-bearing creeks and rivers.

Western Canada: British Columbia and the Yukon Territory in Canada have gold-bearing rivers and creeks.

gold panning


To be properly prepared for any gold prospecting trip that involves gold panning you need to take the right equipment with you. The following items are your essential needs which can be readily purchased from Amazon and any retailers that specialize in selling gold prospecting equipment. Click on the links to get full details of the items, customer reviews and current prices.

Gold Pan: A gold pan is the most basic and essential tool for gold panning. It’s typically a shallow, wide-bottomed pan with ridges to help trap gold particles.

Classifier: A classifier or sieve is used to screen out larger rocks and debris from your material before panning. This makes the panning process more efficient.

Trowel or Shovel: You’ll need a small trowel or shovel to dig material from the streambed or riverbank.

Snuffer Bottle: This is a small suction bottle with a narrow tip used to suck up fine gold flakes and particles.

Magnifying Glass or Loupe: These tools can help you closely examine small particles to confirm if they are gold.

Vials or Containers: You’ll need containers to store any gold you find safely.

Waterproof Boots: Sturdy, waterproof boots are essential for staying comfortable while working in or near water.

Gloves: Protective gloves can keep your hands safe from sharp rocks and provide insulation in cold water.

Bucket: A bucket is useful for transporting material from the stream or river to your panning area.

Apron or Bib: Some prospectors use a waterproof apron or bib to keep water and dirt off their clothing.

Optional: Gold Prospecting Kit: Some kits are available that include several of the basic tools mentioned above. These kits can be convenient for beginners.


Always prioritize safety when gold panning. Be aware of your surroundings, especially if you’re near fast-moving water or in steep terrain.

Check the weather conditions before you go, and dress appropriately for the environment.

Respect private property and obtain any necessary permits for public lands.

Be environmentally conscious. Minimize your impact on the natural habitat and follow Leave No Trace principles.

Stay hydrated and bring snacks for longer outings.


Panning for gold is a traditional method of gold prospecting that has been used for centuries. It involves using a simple tool called a gold pan to separate gold from other sediments and materials in a riverbed or stream. Here are the detailed steps that gold prospectors follow when panning for gold:

gold panning

  1. Selecting a Prospecting Location:
    • Gold prospectors typically choose a location with a history of gold discoveries or areas known for gold deposits. They may also research geological maps, local mining reports, or consult with experienced prospectors to identify promising spots.
  2. Gathering Equipment:
    • The primary tool for gold panning is a gold pan, which is typically made of metal or plastic. Prospectors may also use other equipment such as a classifier (a sieve-like device to filter out larger debris), a snuffer bottle (for collecting fine gold), and a small shovel or trowel.
  3. Finding a Suitable Site:
    • Once at the chosen location, prospectors look for areas along the stream or river where gold is likely to accumulate. This could include inside bends, behind large rocks, or in gravel bars.
  4. Preparing the Gold Pan:
    • Before starting, the prospector should make sure the gold pan is clean and dry. This ensures that the gold won’t be contaminated with other materials.
  5. Digging Material:
    • Using the small shovel or trowel, the prospector digs up a small amount of sediment, sand, and gravel from the riverbed. This material is then placed in the gold pan.
  6. Classifying the Material:
    • Some prospectors use a classifier or sieve to remove larger rocks and debris from the material. This helps make the panning process more efficient.
  7. Washing the Material:
    • The prospector then submerges the gold pan in the water and gently shakes it back and forth to wash away the lighter materials (such as sand and silt). This process is called “panning down.”
  8. Tilting and Swirling:
    • While holding the gold pan at a slight angle, the prospector agitates the material by swirling it in a circular motion. This causes the heavier gold particles to settle to the bottom of the pan.
  9. Rinsing and Repeating:
    • Periodically, the prospector will stop swirling and add more water to the pan to help wash away the lighter materials. They may also tilt the pan slightly more to allow the water to carry away more of the material, leaving the gold behind.
  10. Collecting the Gold:
    • As the panning process continues, the prospector will start to see black sand and hopefully gold flakes or nuggets at the bottom of the pan. Carefully, they use a snuffer bottle to suck up the gold particles and transfer them into a vial or container for safekeeping.
  11. Inspecting and Cleaning the Pan:
    • After removing the gold, the prospector inspects the pan for any remaining gold particles. The pan is carefully cleaned, and the process is repeated with more material if necessary.
  12. Recording Data:
    • Serious prospectors may keep records of their findings, including the location, the amount of gold recovered, and other relevant information for future reference.
  13. Respecting Environmental Regulations:
    • It’s important for gold prospectors to follow local environmental regulations and obtain any necessary permits for prospecting activities.


Panning for gold can be a slow and painstaking process, but it can also be rewarding when gold is found. It requires patience, practice, and a keen eye for spotting those elusive gold flakes or nuggets in the pan.

Gold panning can also be a relaxing and rewarding hobby, but it’s essential to manage your expectations. Not all locations will yield significant amounts of gold, and it may take time and practice to become proficient at finding and extracting it. Patience and persistence are key to successful gold panning.

It’s here! The unique benefits and risks from gold prospecting as a part time job

Taking up gold prospecting in 2023 as a part time job can be an exciting and potentially rewarding endeavor, but like any other job or hobby, it comes with its own set of benefits and risks. It’s essential to weigh these factors carefully before embarking on such a journey.  

gold prospecting

Here are some of the key benefits and risks that need to be considered before deciding on whether this is suitable for you.




  1. Potential for High Profit: The primary allure of gold prospecting is the potential for significant financial gain. Gold prices have historically been volatile but have generally trended upward over time. In times of economic uncertainty or inflation, gold can serve as a hedge, making it a valuable commodity. If you’re successful, you can find and sell gold, which can provide an additional income stream.
  2. Independence: Gold prospecting offers a level of independence and self-reliance that many find appealing. You’re your boss, and you can choose when and where to work. This lifestyle can be particularly attractive if you enjoy solitude and nature.
  3. Adventure and Exploration: Prospecting can be an adventure, taking you to remote and beautiful locations. It’s an opportunity to explore the wilderness and connect with nature while hunting for precious metals. This can be a thrilling and enjoyable experience
  4. Low Entry Costs: Compared to some other industries, gold prospecting has a relatively low barrier to entry. You can start with basic equipment and knowledge and gradually expand your operations as you gain experience. Gold prospecting can be relatively affordable compared to other hobbies or businesses.
  5. Learning Opportunities: Prospecting provides an opportunity to learn about geology, mineralogy, and the natural environment. It can be a fulfilling educational experience for those interested in earth sciences.
  6. Potential for Discovery: While the likelihood of discovering a significant gold deposit is low, it’s not impossible. There’s always the thrill of stumbling upon a valuable find that can change your life.
  7. Physical Activity: Prospecting involves physical labor, which can be a healthy and active way to spend your free time.
  8. Community: You can connect with fellow prospectors and join clubs or forums for shared experiences and knowledge sharing.

gold prospector











  1. High Risk: Gold prospecting is a high-risk endeavor. There’s no guarantee of finding gold, and even if you do, the amount can be unpredictable. You may invest a significant amount of time and money without any return.  
  2. Financial Costs: Prospecting can be costly. You’ll need to invest in gold prospecting equipment (metal detectors, pans, shovels, etc.), transportation, permits, and potentially land leases. Operating expenses can add up quickly and your initial investment may not pay off for a long time.
  3. Time-Consuming: Prospecting can be a time-intensive activity, and you may need to dedicate many hours before seeing results
  4. Environmental Impact: Gold mining, especially in large-scale operations, can have a severe environmental impact. The use of chemicals like cyanide and mercury in extraction, deforestation, and habitat disruption are common concerns. It is crucial to be environmentally responsible.
  5. Physical and Mental Challenges: Gold prospecting can be physically demanding. Long hours of labor, exposure to harsh weather conditions, and isolation can take a toll on your physical and mental health. This activity may not be suitable for everyone.
  6. Regulatory Hurdles: Many regions have strict regulations governing gold prospecting and mining. Obtaining the necessary permits and complying with environmental and safety standards can be a bureaucratic and time-consuming process.
  7. Market Dependence: The value of gold is heavily dependent on market forces, geopolitical stability, and economic conditions. Sudden drops in gold prices can significantly impact your profitability.
  8. Competitive Industry: Gold prospecting has attracted many enthusiasts, which means competition for prime locations and deposits is fierce. Finding unexplored or profitable areas can be challenging.
  9. Risk of Theft: Gold prospectors can be targets for theft, given the valuable nature of their finds.
  10. Health and Safety: There are potential health and safety risks associated with prospecting, including exposure to harsh weather conditions and wildlife.
  11. Isolation: Some prospecting locations may be in remote areas, leading to isolation and difficulties in accessing necessary resources.
  12. Limited Predictability: The presence and quantity of gold in a given area are unpredictable. Even with advanced geological surveys, there are no guarantees of success.


In conclusion, becoming a gold prospector in 2023 can offer a unique blend of adventure, independence, and financial potential, but it’s not without its challenges and uncertainties. Prospective prospectors should carefully consider their financial situation, risk tolerance, and environmental concerns before committing to this endeavor. Additionally, seeking proper training, staying informed about regulations, and conducting thorough research on potential locations are essential steps for anyone considering gold prospecting as a livelihood.

Introducing the unique techniques of dry blowing for gold

Dry blowing for gold is a method of prospecting for gold in arid regions where water is scarce.  It involves using air to separate gold particles from other materials, such as sand and gravel. The success of dry blowing depends on choosing the right location and having the appropriate equipment. This method of extracting gold is often favored by gold prospectors due to its simplicity, low cost, and effectiveness under certain circumstances.  

dry blowing for gold










Here are some of the circumstances where small-time prospectors might choose dry blowing for gold over other methods:


1. Arid and Desert Environments: Dry blowing is particularly suited for regions with limited water sources, such as deserts or arid areas, where traditional wet methods like panning or sluicing are impractical due to the scarcity of water.

2. Limited Equipment: Dry blowing requires minimal equipment compared to other methods like dredging or hydraulic mining. Small-scale prospectors often have limited resources and may not have access to heavy machinery.

3. Low Operating Costs: Dry blowing is cost-effective because it doesn’t rely on the use of water, which can be expensive and logistically challenging to transport to remote locations.

4. Minimal Environmental Impact: Unlike some other methods that can result in significant environmental disruption, dry blowing is relatively gentle on the landscape. It doesn’t involve the use of chemicals or large-scale excavation, making it a more environmentally friendly option.

5. Shallow Deposits: Dry blowing is effective for shallow gold deposits, often found near the surface in desert regions. It’s not suitable for deep or underground gold mining.

dry blowing for gold










6. Mobility and Portability: Small-scale prospectors may need to move frequently to find new gold-bearing areas. Dry blowing equipment is often lightweight and portable, allowing prospectors to easily relocate their operations.

7. Gold Particle Size: Dry blowing is more effective for recovering coarser gold particles, as finer particles can be carried away by the wind. Prospectors need to consider the size and nature of the gold deposits in their target area before choosing this method.

8. Prospector Skill: Dry blowing requires skill and experience to effectively separate gold from other materials using air currents. Prospecting knowledge is essential to maximize the method’s efficiency.

9. Legal Regulations: In some regions, dry blowing may be subject to fewer regulatory restrictions compared to other mining methods. Prospectors should always research and comply with local mining regulations.


Prospectors who use dry blowing as a method to find gold typically require a combination of skills, experience, and knowledge. Here are the skills and experience prospectors need:

1. Geological Knowledge:

Understanding of geology and the formation of gold deposits in the specific region where you are prospecting is crucial. This includes knowledge of geological maps, rock formations, and the presence of gold-bearing minerals.

2. Research Skills:

The ability to research and gather information about the history of gold mining in the area, including past discoveries, can help you identify potential gold-bearing locations.

3. Equipment Familiarity:

Proficiency in operating and maintaining dry blowers ( see picture below ), which are machines designed to blow air over a pile of dry material (usually soil or gravel) to separate gold from other debris. Knowledge of how to adjust and fine-tune the equipment is essential.

dry blowing for gold












4. Site Selection:

Skill in selecting promising prospecting locations based on geological indicators, historical data, and topographical features. Identifying areas with potential gold concentrations is key.

5. Sampling Techniques:

Knowing how to collect soil and material samples properly and how to process them to concentrate any gold particles for further analysis.

6. Gold Identification:

The ability to identify gold in its various forms, including nuggets, flakes, and fine particles, is vital. Prospectors need to differentiate gold from other minerals or materials.

7.Patience and Perseverance:

Gold prospecting can be a time-consuming and sometimes frustrating endeavor. Prospectors should have the patience to sift through large quantities of material and the determination to keep searching even when results are not immediate.

Environmental Awareness:

Understanding and adhering to environmental regulations and being mindful of the impact of prospecting activities on the environment is essential.

Safety Skills:

Knowledge of safety procedures, especially in remote and potentially hazardous environments, is crucial for the well-being of prospectors. This includes first aid skills and the ability to handle emergency situations.


Building connections with other prospectors, miners, and local experts can provide valuable insights and support in your prospecting efforts.

Legal and Permit Knowledge:

Understanding the legal requirements for prospecting, including obtaining the necessary permits and complying with mining laws and regulations in your area, is essential to avoid legal issues.

Record Keeping:

Keeping detailed records of your prospecting activities, including locations, samples, and findings, can help you track progress and make informed decisions.


1. Choosing the Right Location:

  • Arid and Desert Regions: As mentioned before dry blowing for gold is most commonly used in arid and desert regions where there is very little or no water available for traditional panning or sluicing. Locations in Western Australia, the Australian Outback, parts of the southwestern United States (like Nevada and Arizona), and certain regions in Africa are known for dry blowing for gold.

dry blowing for gold

  • Research: Research local geology, historical gold production, and any available geological maps to identify promising areas.

2. Essential Equipment for Dry Blowing:

  • Dry Blower: The dry blower is the central piece of equipment for this method. It’s essentially a machine that uses air to separate gold from other material. Dry blowers come in various sizes and configurations, from small, portable units to larger, more industrial models. Top quality equipment can be purchased from Ararat Gold.
  • Shovel or Pick: You’ll need tools for digging up the material you want to process. Amazon has a great selection of these
  • Classifier or Sieve: Similar to gold panning, a classifier or sieve helps to screen out larger rocks and debris, making the dry blowing process more efficient.
  • Windscreen: A windscreen or cover can help protect your dry blower from wind and dust while you work.
  • Collection Container: You’ll need a container to collect the material that has been processed through the dry blower.
  • Safety Gear: In arid regions, it’s essential to protect yourself from the sun and dust. Wear sunscreen, a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and a dust mask if needed.

3. Dry Blowing For Gold Process:

  • Dig material from the ground using a shovel or pick.
  • Place the material into the hopper of the dry blower.
  • Start the dry blower, which uses air to blow away lighter materials like sand and dust, leaving behind heavier particles like gold and larger rocks.
  • The gold and other heavy particles will collect in the riffles or traps within the dry blower.
  • Periodically, stop the machine and empty the collection container, where you can inspect and retrieve any gold that has been separated.

Here is a YouTube video which shows you the equipment used and how the dry blowing for gold process works.

4. Safety Considerations:

  • Protect yourself from the harsh environment by wearing appropriate clothing and gear.
  • Stay hydrated and carry an adequate supply of water, especially in arid regions.
  • Be aware of the potential for heat-related illnesses, and take breaks in the shade as needed.
  • Check local regulations and obtain any necessary permits for prospecting in the area.

It’s important to note that while dry blowing for gold has its advantages, it also has limitations and may not be suitable for all gold prospecting scenarios. I hope that the information above will help you make the right decision,