Introducing the unique techniques of dry blowing for gold

Dry blowing for gold is a method of prospecting for gold in arid regions where water is scarce.  It involves using air to separate gold particles from other materials, such as sand and gravel. The success of dry blowing depends on choosing the right location and having the appropriate equipment. This method of extracting gold is often favored by gold prospectors due to its simplicity, low cost, and effectiveness under certain circumstances.  

dry blowing for gold










Here are some of the circumstances where small-time prospectors might choose dry blowing for gold over other methods:


1. Arid and Desert Environments: Dry blowing is particularly suited for regions with limited water sources, such as deserts or arid areas, where traditional wet methods like panning or sluicing are impractical due to the scarcity of water.

2. Limited Equipment: Dry blowing requires minimal equipment compared to other methods like dredging or hydraulic mining. Small-scale prospectors often have limited resources and may not have access to heavy machinery.

3. Low Operating Costs: Dry blowing is cost-effective because it doesn’t rely on the use of water, which can be expensive and logistically challenging to transport to remote locations.

4. Minimal Environmental Impact: Unlike some other methods that can result in significant environmental disruption, dry blowing is relatively gentle on the landscape. It doesn’t involve the use of chemicals or large-scale excavation, making it a more environmentally friendly option.

5. Shallow Deposits: Dry blowing is effective for shallow gold deposits, often found near the surface in desert regions. It’s not suitable for deep or underground gold mining.

dry blowing for gold










6. Mobility and Portability: Small-scale prospectors may need to move frequently to find new gold-bearing areas. Dry blowing equipment is often lightweight and portable, allowing prospectors to easily relocate their operations.

7. Gold Particle Size: Dry blowing is more effective for recovering coarser gold particles, as finer particles can be carried away by the wind. Prospectors need to consider the size and nature of the gold deposits in their target area before choosing this method.

8. Prospector Skill: Dry blowing requires skill and experience to effectively separate gold from other materials using air currents. Prospecting knowledge is essential to maximize the method’s efficiency.

9. Legal Regulations: In some regions, dry blowing may be subject to fewer regulatory restrictions compared to other mining methods. Prospectors should always research and comply with local mining regulations.


Prospectors who use dry blowing as a method to find gold typically require a combination of skills, experience, and knowledge. Here are the skills and experience prospectors need:

1. Geological Knowledge:

Understanding of geology and the formation of gold deposits in the specific region where you are prospecting is crucial. This includes knowledge of geological maps, rock formations, and the presence of gold-bearing minerals.

2. Research Skills:

The ability to research and gather information about the history of gold mining in the area, including past discoveries, can help you identify potential gold-bearing locations.

3. Equipment Familiarity:

Proficiency in operating and maintaining dry blowers ( see picture below ), which are machines designed to blow air over a pile of dry material (usually soil or gravel) to separate gold from other debris. Knowledge of how to adjust and fine-tune the equipment is essential.

dry blowing for gold












4. Site Selection:

Skill in selecting promising prospecting locations based on geological indicators, historical data, and topographical features. Identifying areas with potential gold concentrations is key.

5. Sampling Techniques:

Knowing how to collect soil and material samples properly and how to process them to concentrate any gold particles for further analysis.

6. Gold Identification:

The ability to identify gold in its various forms, including nuggets, flakes, and fine particles, is vital. Prospectors need to differentiate gold from other minerals or materials.

7.Patience and Perseverance:

Gold prospecting can be a time-consuming and sometimes frustrating endeavor. Prospectors should have the patience to sift through large quantities of material and the determination to keep searching even when results are not immediate.

Environmental Awareness:

Understanding and adhering to environmental regulations and being mindful of the impact of prospecting activities on the environment is essential.

Safety Skills:

Knowledge of safety procedures, especially in remote and potentially hazardous environments, is crucial for the well-being of prospectors. This includes first aid skills and the ability to handle emergency situations.


Building connections with other prospectors, miners, and local experts can provide valuable insights and support in your prospecting efforts.

Legal and Permit Knowledge:

Understanding the legal requirements for prospecting, including obtaining the necessary permits and complying with mining laws and regulations in your area, is essential to avoid legal issues.

Record Keeping:

Keeping detailed records of your prospecting activities, including locations, samples, and findings, can help you track progress and make informed decisions.


1. Choosing the Right Location:

  • Arid and Desert Regions: As mentioned before dry blowing for gold is most commonly used in arid and desert regions where there is very little or no water available for traditional panning or sluicing. Locations in Western Australia, the Australian Outback, parts of the southwestern United States (like Nevada and Arizona), and certain regions in Africa are known for dry blowing for gold.

dry blowing for gold

  • Research: Research local geology, historical gold production, and any available geological maps to identify promising areas.

2. Essential Equipment for Dry Blowing:

  • Dry Blower: The dry blower is the central piece of equipment for this method. It’s essentially a machine that uses air to separate gold from other material. Dry blowers come in various sizes and configurations, from small, portable units to larger, more industrial models. Top quality equipment can be purchased from Ararat Gold.
  • Shovel or Pick: You’ll need tools for digging up the material you want to process. Amazon has a great selection of these
  • Classifier or Sieve: Similar to gold panning, a classifier or sieve helps to screen out larger rocks and debris, making the dry blowing process more efficient.
  • Windscreen: A windscreen or cover can help protect your dry blower from wind and dust while you work.
  • Collection Container: You’ll need a container to collect the material that has been processed through the dry blower.
  • Safety Gear: In arid regions, it’s essential to protect yourself from the sun and dust. Wear sunscreen, a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and a dust mask if needed.

3. Dry Blowing For Gold Process:

  • Dig material from the ground using a shovel or pick.
  • Place the material into the hopper of the dry blower.
  • Start the dry blower, which uses air to blow away lighter materials like sand and dust, leaving behind heavier particles like gold and larger rocks.
  • The gold and other heavy particles will collect in the riffles or traps within the dry blower.
  • Periodically, stop the machine and empty the collection container, where you can inspect and retrieve any gold that has been separated.

Here is a YouTube video which shows you the equipment used and how the dry blowing for gold process works.

4. Safety Considerations:

  • Protect yourself from the harsh environment by wearing appropriate clothing and gear.
  • Stay hydrated and carry an adequate supply of water, especially in arid regions.
  • Be aware of the potential for heat-related illnesses, and take breaks in the shade as needed.
  • Check local regulations and obtain any necessary permits for prospecting in the area.

It’s important to note that while dry blowing for gold has its advantages, it also has limitations and may not be suitable for all gold prospecting scenarios. I hope that the information above will help you make the right decision,

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